District Benchmark Accommodated English Version
On July 12, 2013, the first ever Youth Takeover of the United Nations took place. This event brought together hundreds of young education supporters from around the world to discuss issues in our global education system. One activist, named MalalaYousafzai, made her first public speech since being shot by the Taliban in Pakistan in 2012. Malala wrote and presented this speech about the state of education for students in areas that are subjected to large amounts of violence.
Read the selection and choose the best answer to each question. Then fill in the answer on your answer document.
1 The author includes paragraph 2 to —
A emphasize that women and girls must fight for their own rights
B recommend that men lessen their fight for women's rights
C request (ask for) sympathy for those fighting for women's and girls' rights
D describe the evolution (progress) of the fight for women's and girls' rights
2 Malala's speech was most likely intended to —
F Mobilize (move) the audience to go back to their own countries and look for injustices
G inspire the audience to join together to provide education to children across the world
H embarrass the audience into looking at how they have not worked together
J challenge the audience to write speeches to influence others to join the cause
3 Malala begins paragraphs 5 – 10 with the phrase "We call upon" to —
5 We call upon the world leaders that all the peace deals must protect women and children's rights. A deal that goes against the dignity ofwomen and their rights is unacceptable.
6 We call upon all governments to ensure free compulsory education for every child all over the world.
7 We call upon all governments to fight against terrorism and violence, to protect children from brutality and harm.
8 We call upon the developed nations to support the expansion of educational opportunities for girls in the developing world.
9 We call upon all communities to be tolerant – to reject prejudice based on cast, creed, sect, religion, or gender. To ensure freedom andequality for women, so that they can flourish. We cannot all succeed when half of us are held back.
10 We call upon our sisters around the world to be brave – to embrace the strength within themselves and realize their full potential.
A emphasize that the audience needs to reach out to their leaders
B specify the actions needed to create peace and prosperity
C support the United Nations' policies in opposition to education for girls
D highlight the effectiveness of the Youth Takeover in changing policy
4. Malala uses the term "brothers and sisters" in paragraphs 3, 10, 11, and 13 to emphasize that —
F she views the audience as her family
G her culture greatly values siblings
H we are all joined together in this cause
J community schools are most effective
5. What is the best summary of the speech given by Malala Yousafzai?
A Education is the most important opportunity that we can offer young girls. Many parts of the world are faced with wars and terrorism that makegetting an education impossible. Schools are often destroyed during times of war. It is the responsibility of the government to ensure that womenand children are protected, and are given equal rights under peace negotiations. Developed countries should advocate educational rights for allchildren around the world.
B Peace is necessary for education, but in many parts of the world, war and terrorism prevent students from attending school. In times of war,women and children are the most affected. All peace deals should include protection of the rights of women and children. It is the government'sresponsibility to ensure free public education, fight against terrorism, and protect children. Education is the most important weapon againstpoverty, and the one change that can make a difference.
C Around the world, there are many countries that suffer the long term effects of war and terrorism. Women and children in these areas aredeprived from basic human rights. Education is one of the rights that children do not receive in these countries. Men should fight for these rightson the behalf of women and children, because oftentimes they are not able to advocate for themselves. The most important goal is peace.
D Women and children face more hardships during times of war and terror. Poverty prevents children from getting an education in many of thecountries who are constantly at war. The mistreatment of women and children is a global problem that must be addressed by the world'sgovernment leadership. It is the responsibility of the government to ensure peace. Without peace, there is no opportunity for change.
6. Read this sentence from paragraph 14.
They are our most powerful weapons.
This sentence best illustrates Malala's idea that —
F the war being waged against education is illegal
G education is the best defense against injustice
H books and pens can create a better world
J illiteracy and poverty are easily overcome
During the legendary Trojan War in Greek mythology, the ancient cities of Troy and Greece fought for over 10 years. Neither side could defeat the other. Because of the height of the city walls of Troy, the Greeks were unable to get into the city even though their army was much larger. The Greek army knew it had to try something daring to end the way. Read the selection to see how the legend ends.
Read the next two selections. Then choose the best answer to each question.
7 In paragraph 5, the word reverberated refers to —
A an echo or repetition of a sound
B a rhythmic movement of an outer wall
C an action taken against an enemy
D a feeling of dread or impending doom
8 The author's inclusion of paragraph 6 reinforces what major theme?
F There was never a good war, or a bad peace.
G Once an enemy, always an enemy.
H If you give loyalty, you will get it back.
J You can't get the attention of someone focused on themselves.
9 Read the following sentences from paragraph 4.
These sentences are important to help the reader understand that —
A the coastline provided the best defense against additional enemy attacks
B the Greeks have always been honest with the Trojans
C the Trojans' beliefs in ocean deities (gods) made them gullible (easy to trick)
D the Trojans' beliefs in ocean deities (gods) made them skeptical (unsure) about the Greeks' gift
10 The details in paragraph 10 help the reader infer that —
F the Trojans were unaware of the danger of the horse
G Sinon was not a critical part of the Greek plan
H the Greeks' plan of attack was not well designed
J Odysseus wanted to take credit for the plan
11 Which sentence foreshadows the resolution (ending) of the myth?
A This magnificent wooden horse is their offering, to say how sorry they are for all the needless death and destruction they have caused.
B The people marveled at the massive statue, but there were different opinions about what they should do with it.
C After all, the wooden horse was dedicated to Athena, the great goddess of wisdom, and nobody wanted to feel her wrath.
D Had the Trojans decided there and then to set fire to that horse of death, their lovely city would be standing to this day.
12 Which is the best summary of the selection?
F When they leave the Troy, the Greek soldiers give a large wooden horse to the Trojans as a gift. Some of the elder priests in the community are skeptical(unsure) as to the real purpose of the gift, and one throws a spear into the side of the horse which causes it to make an eerie sound. The Trojan patrol deliver aGreek prisoner to the scene, and he ensures the Trojans that the horse is not a threat and should not be burned. He suggests that the horse is filled withgold and treasure as an offering to the gods for all of the terrible acts of war the Greeks had committed in Troy.
G The Trojan army was caught off guard by the Greek soldiers that were hiding inside the belly of a wooden horse that they had offered as a gift. Uponspeculation (after looking at it), the Greek prisoner Sinon eased (calmed) the Trojans' fears by telling an elaborate lie about the gold and richescontained inside the horse. After the Trojans learned this news, they attached wheels to the bottom of the horse and rolled it through the city. Later in thenight, Sinon opened the belly of the horse to release a band of Greek soldiers lead by Odysseus, and they began a surprise attack on the city.
H After a ten year long battle with the Greeks, the Trojans were relieved when the Greek ships set sail for home. Little did they know, the Greeks had onlysailed to the other side of the island, and had left a large wooden horse dedicated to the goddess Athena as a gift in the middle of the city. After muchspeculation about the true purpose of the gift, a Greek prisoner convinced the Trojans that the horse was filled with gold and treasures. Later in thenight Greek soldiers emerged from the hallow horse and attacked the unprepared city.
J Odysseus crafted a creative plan to win conquer the city of Troy. The unsuspecting Trojans were caught off-guard in the middle of the night as they wereattacked by a group of Greek soldiers, but where did they come from? The Trojans had been lied to by the Greeks who had given them a large woodenhorse as a gift after leaving their city at the end of a ten year war. Instead of being a gift to the gods for the destruction they had caused, the great woodenhorse was actually a plan to conquer the city of Troy.
13 A theme expressed in the selection centers (focuses) on —
A cleverness and quick wit to solve problems
B making the best of a bad situation
C humor can soothe (calm) angry or hurt feelings
D wealth does not make the man
14 Why did the king want those particular three questions answered?
F The king would be seen as more intelligent and impressive to the people if he were able to have answers to these questions.
G The king was obsessed with knowledge and he would be thought of as having higher powers with these answers.
H The king knew they were impossible to answer which would allow him to justify getting rid of the abbot.
J The king was jealous of the abbot's power so he wanted to humiliate him by asking him difficult questions in public.
15 What is one difference between the motivations of the Trojans and the King?
A The Trojans were motivated by discrediting the old priest, while the King was motivated by being entertained.
B The Trojans were motivated by excitement over freedom from war, while the King was motivated by impressing his advisors.
C The Trojans were motivated by not wanting to upset Athena, while the King was motivated by maintaining power.
D The Trojans were motivated by greed, while the King was motivated by wanting to punish the abbot.